Bratananium - Gauting



Gauting, today a suburb 20 km southwest of Munich, is a very old place. In the neighbourhood graves from the bronze-age and an entrenchment built by the Celts have been found. During the time of the Roman Empire it lay at the crossing of the two large Roman roads from Kempten to Regensburg and from Augsburg to Salzburg.It was called Bratananium. -  It has been partly excavated and quite sensational finds have been made: a well-supplyed pottery, a bathhouse, private houses, private belongings, graves etc. Most of the artefacts have gone to the Archaeological Museum in Munich. Some , however, can be admired at the Municipal Hall of Gauting. - Sadly enough there is not much to be seen of the ancient Bratananium, it has all been covered by modern housing (and not very long ago either!). Roads still exist, though, some trafficked, some not. - Around 120 A.D. the settlement was partly destroyed by fire. Later when Germanic tribes overran the country and the Roman army retired south of the Alps it was finally abandoned, probably around 390.                                                                                       


           Under the cross rest the remnants of the ancient centre of the Roman




Over the fields went the road to Kempten in the south. On its left lay the cremation graves of the settlement. Further on it passed other graves which were very old already in the times of the Romans. There are about thirty mounds. They have been partly excavated and date back to the bronze age. You can still see them in the woods, the finds are preserved at the archaeological museum in Munich.




                          to be found in the Municipal Hall of Gauting





           On the road 


                             from Augsburg to Salzburg                         



      Along this road east of Bratananium the Romans also passed an old Celtic entrenchment, probably a sacrificial place with a temple. The walls are still quite well preserved.



 And this is one of the places on the roadside where the Romans

                 dug up their working material:





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